Cleansing is the first step to a soft, clean and glowing complexion therefore it is essential that we choose the correct type of products for our skin type. Below we have listed the various cleansing products and given you a brief description to help you choose wisely. Remember, cleansers should remove make up, dirt, sebum, dead skin cells and perspiration from the skin.
Milks / Lotions
Sold in a bottle and have a light, thin liquid consistency due to a high percentage of water to oil.
Ideal for normal, oily and combination skin types because they remove blockages and blackheads without making the skin feel greasy.
Some can resemble milk and is not a good cleanser for heavy make up and can be drying because of the detergent present.
Thicker consistency often called emulsions will deep cleanse but does not strip the skin and would be suitable for most skin types.
Heavy milks are good cleansers and good for dry and mature skin types.
Sold in a jar or tube and have a thick, creamy consistency due to high percentage of oil to water. They can come in different textures, e.g. mousse and are most effective at removing make up.
They are ideal for dry, mature, and dehydrated skin types because they lubricate and soften the skin whist removing make up and debris.
Liquid cleansers / Complexion bars
Available in many forms for all skin types. They are ideal for those who like to wash their face, these products are mixed to a lather with water and rinsed off.
They will not harm the skin as normal soap would because they are pH balanced and gentle to use.
Pore grains / Cleansing granules
Contains abbrasive granules or detergent chips which are mixed with water and smoothed onto the skin and rinsed off to loosen blockages and remove dead skin cells, leaving the skin soft and smooth.
Good for oily skin and blocked pores skin types. They increase desquamation and can therefore cause peeling and the skin can become sensitised.
Generally used 1 – 2 times a week on oily and combination skins especially on the nose, chin and forehead.
The skin should always be toned after cleansing as it removes any excess cleanser that may have been left on the skin and should leave the skin feeling cool and fresh.
There are however two types of toners to choose from:
These have a strong drying and refining action and are ideal for oily and combination skin types.
Witch Hazel is a natural astringent. Most astringents can contain alcohol which can make the skin red and sore.
These have a gentle cooling and soothing action and are ideal for dry, mature and dehydrated skin types.
Rose water is a natural toner and there are many differents ones available to buy.
We should always moisturise after toning as it softens the skin, prevents and replaces moisture loss and protects the skin from the environment.
Moisturisers are usually applied to a freshly toned skin. All skin types need a moisturiser and there are many types available to choose from.
A light, thin liquid used for normal and combination skins. They have a high percentage of water to oil.
A thick whipped cream consistency used for dry, dehydrated and mature skins. They have a high percentage of oil to water.
These are oil free and are ideal for oily and problem skin types because they add moisture without making the skin feel greasy and spotty.
Skin should be cleansed, toned and moisturised twice daily, am. and pm.
Tip: Sometimes we can use a combination of cleansers, moisturisers and toners depending upon the changes in our skin at certain times of the year. For example, in winter an oily skin may require a cream cleanser and moisturiser and in summer a lotion or gel. Know your skin type and what it requires.